This, that & which?

At about the third lesson, I’d introduce these three powerful musketeers: this, that and which.

这(zhè/zhèi*) → this

那(nà/nèi*) → that

哪(nǎ) → which

*Used in spoken language.

Yes, that’s right, “that” and “which” share the same pronunciation of “na” but differ only at the tones.

So now you can add in sounds for your action when you point at something this time, by adding in the general counting word 个(gè), we have:

这(zhè)个(gè) → this (one)

那(nà)个(gè) → that (one)

哪(nǎ)个(gè)→ which (one)

Plural forms we have:

这(zhè)些(xiē) → these (ones)

那(nà)些(xiē) → those (ones)

哪(nǎ)些(xiē) → which (ones)

When describing locations, we add in the character 里(lǐ):

这(zhè)里(lǐ) → here

那(nà)里(li) → there

哪(nǎ)里(li) → where

Moving forward, we can add in nouns, for example:

这(zhè)个(gè)苹(píng)果(guǒ) → this apple

那(nà)个(gè)苹(píng)果(guǒ) → that apple

哪(nǎ)个(gè)苹(píng)果(guǒ) → which apple

But of course, the counting words in Chinese will give you another headache, let’s not complicate things here.


Next time, when you point to the menu and order at a Chinese restaurant, try this line:

我(wǒ)要(yào)这(zhè)个(ge)。→ (Literally) I want this one.

To sound more polite, add in 谢(xiè)谢(xiè) (Thank you.) at the back.


One Comment Add yours

  1. This should be the way to Learning language effectively. Structured but practical


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s