How’s the weather today?

Weather is always a good topic when comes to small talk. The basic structure of describing the weather is quite simple, see the following key sentences:

Key Sentences Meaning
1.今(jīn)天(tiān)天(tiān)气(qì)怎(zěn)么(me)样(yàng)? How’s the weather today?
2. 今(jīn)天(tiān)是(shì)晴(qíng)天(tiān) It’s sunny today.
3. 今(jīn)天(tiān)下(xià)雨(yǔ)。 It’s rainy today.
4. 今(jīn)天(tiān)刮(guā)风(fēng)。 It’s windy today.
5. 今(jīn)天(tiān)有(yǒu)雾(wù)。 It’s foggy today.
6. 今(jīn)天(tiān)有(yǒu)雾(wù)霾(mái)。 It’s a smog day today. (useful in China)

When comes to describing the change in weather, the particle “le”  can be a bit confusing.

Key Sentences Meaning
1. 要(yào)下(xià)雨(yǔ)了(le) It’s going to rain.
2. 下(xià)雨(yǔ)了(le) It’s raining.
3. 雨(yǔ)很(hěn)大(dà)。/ 雨(yǔ)很(hěn)小(xiǎo)。 Heavy rain. / Light rain.
4. 雨(yǔ)停(tíng)了(le) The rain stopped.

Normally, the particle “le” signals the completion of an action, as in sentence 4; or an action that has been happening up until now, as in sentence 2.

The “le” in sentence 1 can be a bit difficult to understand, try remember it as a signal of change.

So similarly for snow, we have

Key Sentences Meaning
1. 要(yào)下(xià)雪(xuě)了(le) It’s going to snow.
2. 下(xià)雪(xuě)了(le) It’s snowing.
3.雪(xuě)很(hěn)大(dà)。/雪(xuě)很(hěn)小(xiǎo)。 Heavy snow. / Light snow.
4.雪(xuě)停(tíng)了(le) The snow stopped.
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